Developers, governments and the public are evaluating mining projects to determine the overall cost-benefit of specific projects. Such analysis goes beyond the cost of building versus the benefit of project output.
Whether or not it is codified in law and regulations, environmental impact analysis has become a central part of this evaluation process. The '70s focus on local natural resources-only has grown up. Today, complex analyses of impacts on local natural resources must be integrated with an understanding of mine planning, economics and expected fuel costs under varying scenarios and global markets.
Golder applies Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to mine management and operations. GIS is a versatile tool that integrates spatial and numeric data, which can provide all the attributes of a specific piece of property, e.g., land owner, lease holder, county, township/city, previous uses, topography, roads, civil features, threatened and endangered species, watershed features and collected data (e.g., soil and water quality). By overlaying these data layers, relationships are determined and patterns recognized.
Mine development and operation, particularly in the United States, require acquisition of many various permits, e.g., mining, water rights, waste water discharge and wetlands/waters country-wide. Golder offers the required components of environmental evaluation and permitting from pre-mining fatal flaw analysis to site closeout and cleanup, including:
- Fatal flaw analysis
- Permitting strategy development
- Baseline studies
- GIS Services - Baseline Data Management, Compliance Monitoring, Site Assessment, Remediation Planning, Land Owner Tract Information
- Permit acquisition compliance audits
- Reclamation planning
- Bond release
- AMD remediation
- Phase I and Phase II environmental site assessments
- Site closeout and cleanup.